700th ANNIVERSARY OF FOUNDATION OF THE OTTOMAN STATE
|TARIH||DATE||12 .07.1999||Bu seri 2 karttan olusur|
|ADET||ISSUED NO.||various, see below||This series consists of 2 cards|
|BIRIM||UNIT||30 and 60 unit||Baski / Printing: SwissCard|
|N-061 Issued: 3.000.000
N-062 Issued: 2.000.000 60 UNITS
|N-063 Issued: 3.000.000
N-064 Issued: 2.000.000 60 UNITS
700th ANNIVERSARY OF FOUNDATION OF THE OTTOMAN STATE:
The Ottoman State ruled from the end of 13th century (1299) until the first quarter of 20th century. Osman Bey whose dynasty would be named after him was the founder. The Empire proved to be the most powerful and the longest lasting of the Islamic and Turco-Islamic states, and later layed the foundations of modern Turkey.
The period which covered the first two centuries of the Ottoman history are the foundation and expansion period, during which the frontier principality founded in Anatolia (Asia Minor) became an empire extending from South-Eastern Europe to the Arabian land and leading to the beginning of a new era by the conquest of Istanbul in 1453.
The Ottoman Empire reached its zenith between the years 1481 and 1566. In this period of further conquests, the Empire extended to Central Europe in one side and spread to the Arabian territories in the other, where the former Islamic caliphate had ruled. However, it was the era of Sultan Süleyman, the Magnificent, which shaped the Ottoman State and Community to what is called "classical". In his reign, the Ottoman Empire lived the golden age of its history.
After Sultan Süleyman, the Magnificent, balance of power between the Ottomans and European states changed in time, and gradual decline of the Ottoman Empire began.
It finally came to an end
on 29th October 1923 when the modern Republic of Turkey was founded after
the Turkish War of Independence led by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk.
source: Turk Telekom Pazarlama Dairesi Baskanligi Tanitim ve Reklam Sube Müdürlügü